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Date

March 28, 2020

Parsha

VaYikra/ And He Called

Scripture Reference

Lev. 1:1-5:19, 1 Sam. 15:1-34

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For more details go to Calendar page

Live Service

Parsha

VaYikra/ And He Called

Scripture Reference

Lev. 1:1-5:19, 1 Sam. 15:1-34


Upcoming Events

For more details go to Calendar page

Please refresh the page at the start time to see the live video.

Notes

VaYikra/And He Called

Lev.1:1-5:19, 1Sam.15:1-34

The Way of Life Ministries

Mark Fallstead

3/27/20

 

1:1 Now the Lord called to Moses, and spoke to him from the tabernacle of meeting, saying, 2 “Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: ‘When any one of you brings an offering to the Lord, you shall bring your offering of the livestock—of the herd and of the flock.

 

1:3 ‘If his offering is a burnt sacrifice עֹלָה, ʻôlâh, The Burnt Offering. He shall offer it of his own free.

2:1 ‘When anyone offers a grain offering to the Lord, מִנְחָהminchâh, The Grain Offering. 

3:1 ‘When his offering is a sacrifice of a peace offering, שֶׁלֶםshelem, The Peace Offering

4:24 It is a sin offering. חַטָּאָהchaṭṭâʼâh, The Sin Offering

5:6 he shall bring his trespass offering to the Lord אָשָׁםʼ âshâm, The Trespass Offering

 

The Sin Offering, Ch.4

  • If a person sins unintentionally against any of the commandments of the Lord.
  • If the anointed priest sins.
  • If the whole congregation of Israel sins unintentionally.
  • When a ruler has sinned.
  • If anyone of the common people sins.
  • What’s the difference between Sin in ch.4 and Trespass in ch.5?
  • Can an animal “sin?” Can “Angels” sin?

 

Korbanot

Offerings are generally divided into four categories:

The burnt-offering (olah), Freewill

The sin-offering (chatat), Obligatory

The guilt-offering (asham), Obligatory

The peace-offering (shelamim). Freewill

 

The Israel Bible: Lev.4&5

Two more types of offerings are discussed in this week’s portion, and they are intimately related. To begin with, they are both mandatory offerings, required under specific circumstances, connected to the transgression of God’s laws.

 Sin offerings are required when an individual commits a sin against God unintentionally. 

 

JFB Commentary:

1:2. If any man of you bring an offering unto the Lord—The directions given here relate solely to voluntary or freewill offerings—those rendered over and above such, as being of standing and universal obligation, could not be dispensed with or commuted for any other kind of offering (Ex 29:38; Le 23:37; Nu 28:3, 11–27, &c.).[1]

 

Warren W. Wiersbe:

The instructions for sacrifice given in Leviticus come within the context of the narrative of the rest of the Pentateuch. They were given, by God’s initiative, to a people who had already experienced the grace of his redemption in the exodus. They were not human attempts to placate deity, achieve salvation or buy favours. Rather, they were for the purpose of maintaining the relationship already established by God’s redemptive action, by providing an ongoing means of dealing with sin and restoring fellowship. What they taught was consistent with wider human instinct about sacrifice—that forgiveness and fellowship were not cheap.[2]

 

Rashi commentary: Chabad.org

1:2. when a man from [among] you brings a sacrifice: Heb. יַקְרִיב כִּי, when he brings. [That is, Scripture is not dealing here with an obligatory sacrifice, in which case it would have said, “a man shall bring ….” Rather,] Scripture is speaking here of voluntary sacrifices [and thus says, “When a man …brings a sacrifice”]. — [Torath Kohanim 1:12]

 

2:1. and if a person brings: [literally, “And if a soul brings.”] Regarding all the sacrifices which were donated voluntarily, the only instance where Scripture states the word נֶפֶשׁ “soul” is in the case of the meal-offering. Now, who usually donates a meal-offering? A poor man [because flour is less expensive than birds or animals]. [Hence,] the Holy One Blessed is He, says: “I account if for him as if he has sacrificed his very soul!” - [Men. 104b]

3:1. If his sacrifice is a peace offering, if he brings it from cattle, whether male or female, unblemished he shall bring it before the Lord.

peace-offering: Heb. שְׁלָמִים. [So named] because they instill peace (שָׁלוֹם) in the world. Another explanation: [They are called שְׁלָמִים because they bring about harmony (שָׁלוֹם) , [since some portions of the sacrifice go] to the altar, to the Kohanim, and to the owner [of the sacrifice]. — [Torath Kohanim 3:156]

Psalm 51:1-3 To the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David when Nathan the prophet went to him, after he had gone in to Bathsheba.
Have mercy upon me, O God, According to Your lovingkindness; According to the multitude of your tender mercies, Blot out my transgressions.Wash me thoroughly from my iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin.For I acknowledge my transgressions, and my sin is always before me.

Psalm 51:16-17 For You do not desire sacrifice, or else I would give it;
You do not delight in burnt offering.The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit,
A broken and a contrite heart—These, O God, You will not despise.

 

Warren W. Wiersbe:

IV.     The Sin OfferingChrist Made Sin for Us (4)

There was no offering for deliberate “high-handed” sin (Num. 15:30–31), but there was provision made for sins of ignorance.[3]

 

Leviticus 6:1 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2 “If a person sins and commits a trespass against the Lord by lying to his neighbor about what was delivered to him for safekeeping, or about a pledge, or about a robbery, or if he has extorted from his neighbor, 3 or if he has found what was lost and lies concerning it, and swears falsely—in any one of these things that a man may do in which he sins: 4 then it shall be, because he has sinned and is guilty, that he shall restore what he has stolen, or the thing which he has extorted, or what was delivered to him for safekeeping, or the lost thing which he found, 5 or all that about which he has sworn falsely. He shall restore its full value, add one-fifth more to it, and give it to whomever it belongs, on the day of his trespass offering. 6 And he shall bring his trespass offering to the Lord, a ram without blemish from the flock, with your valuation, as a trespass offering, to the priest. 7 So the priest shall make atonement for him before the Lord, and he shall be forgiven for any one of these things that he may have done in which he trespasses.”[4]


 

[1] Jamieson, R., Fausset, A. R., & Brown, D. (1997). Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible (Vol. 1, p. 74). Oak Harbor, WA: Logos Research Systems, Inc.

[2] Wright, C. J. H. (1994). Leviticus. In D. A. Carson, R. T. France, J. A. Motyer, & G. J. Wenham (Eds.), New Bible commentary: 21st century edition (4th ed., p. 123). Leicester, England; Downers Grove, IL: Inter-Varsity Press.

[3] Wiersbe, W. W. (1993). Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines on the Old Testament (Le 4). Wheaton, IL: Victor Books.

[4] The New King James Version. (1982). (Le 6:1–7). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.

Notes

VaYikra/And He Called

Lev.1:1-5:19, 1Sam.15:1-34

The Way of Life Ministries

Mark Fallstead

3/27/20

 

1:1 Now the Lord called to Moses, and spoke to him from the tabernacle of meeting, saying, 2 “Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: ‘When any one of you brings an offering to the Lord, you shall bring your offering of the livestock—of the herd and of the flock.

 

1:3 ‘If his offering is a burnt sacrifice עֹלָה, ʻôlâh, The Burnt Offering. He shall offer it of his own free.

2:1 ‘When anyone offers a grain offering to the Lord, מִנְחָהminchâh, The Grain Offering. 

3:1 ‘When his offering is a sacrifice of a peace offering, שֶׁלֶםshelem, The Peace Offering

4:24 It is a sin offering. חַטָּאָהchaṭṭâʼâh, The Sin Offering

5:6 he shall bring his trespass offering to the Lord אָשָׁםʼ âshâm, The Trespass Offering

 

The Sin Offering, Ch.4

  • If a person sins unintentionally against any of the commandments of the Lord.
  • If the anointed priest sins.
  • If the whole congregation of Israel sins unintentionally.
  • When a ruler has sinned.
  • If anyone of the common people sins.
  • What’s the difference between Sin in ch.4 and Trespass in ch.5?
  • Can an animal “sin?” Can “Angels” sin?

 

Korbanot

Offerings are generally divided into four categories:

The burnt-offering (olah), Freewill

The sin-offering (chatat), Obligatory

The guilt-offering (asham), Obligatory

The peace-offering (shelamim). Freewill

 

The Israel Bible: Lev.4&5

Two more types of offerings are discussed in this week’s portion, and they are intimately related. To begin with, they are both mandatory offerings, required under specific circumstances, connected to the transgression of God’s laws.

 Sin offerings are required when an individual commits a sin against God unintentionally. 

 

JFB Commentary:

1:2. If any man of you bring an offering unto the Lord—The directions given here relate solely to voluntary or freewill offerings—those rendered over and above such, as being of standing and universal obligation, could not be dispensed with or commuted for any other kind of offering (Ex 29:38; Le 23:37; Nu 28:3, 11–27, &c.).[1]

 

Warren W. Wiersbe:

The instructions for sacrifice given in Leviticus come within the context of the narrative of the rest of the Pentateuch. They were given, by God’s initiative, to a people who had already experienced the grace of his redemption in the exodus. They were not human attempts to placate deity, achieve salvation or buy favours. Rather, they were for the purpose of maintaining the relationship already established by God’s redemptive action, by providing an ongoing means of dealing with sin and restoring fellowship. What they taught was consistent with wider human instinct about sacrifice—that forgiveness and fellowship were not cheap.[2]

 

Rashi commentary: Chabad.org

1:2. when a man from [among] you brings a sacrifice: Heb. יַקְרִיב כִּי, when he brings. [That is, Scripture is not dealing here with an obligatory sacrifice, in which case it would have said, “a man shall bring ….” Rather,] Scripture is speaking here of voluntary sacrifices [and thus says, “When a man …brings a sacrifice”]. — [Torath Kohanim 1:12]

 

2:1. and if a person brings: [literally, “And if a soul brings.”] Regarding all the sacrifices which were donated voluntarily, the only instance where Scripture states the word נֶפֶשׁ “soul” is in the case of the meal-offering. Now, who usually donates a meal-offering? A poor man [because flour is less expensive than birds or animals]. [Hence,] the Holy One Blessed is He, says: “I account if for him as if he has sacrificed his very soul!” - [Men. 104b]

3:1. If his sacrifice is a peace offering, if he brings it from cattle, whether male or female, unblemished he shall bring it before the Lord.

peace-offering: Heb. שְׁלָמִים. [So named] because they instill peace (שָׁלוֹם) in the world. Another explanation: [They are called שְׁלָמִים because they bring about harmony (שָׁלוֹם) , [since some portions of the sacrifice go] to the altar, to the Kohanim, and to the owner [of the sacrifice]. — [Torath Kohanim 3:156]

Psalm 51:1-3 To the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David when Nathan the prophet went to him, after he had gone in to Bathsheba.
Have mercy upon me, O God, According to Your lovingkindness; According to the multitude of your tender mercies, Blot out my transgressions.Wash me thoroughly from my iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin.For I acknowledge my transgressions, and my sin is always before me.

Psalm 51:16-17 For You do not desire sacrifice, or else I would give it;
You do not delight in burnt offering.The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit,
A broken and a contrite heart—These, O God, You will not despise.

 

Warren W. Wiersbe:

IV.     The Sin OfferingChrist Made Sin for Us (4)

There was no offering for deliberate “high-handed” sin (Num. 15:30–31), but there was provision made for sins of ignorance.[3]

 

Leviticus 6:1 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2 “If a person sins and commits a trespass against the Lord by lying to his neighbor about what was delivered to him for safekeeping, or about a pledge, or about a robbery, or if he has extorted from his neighbor, 3 or if he has found what was lost and lies concerning it, and swears falsely—in any one of these things that a man may do in which he sins: 4 then it shall be, because he has sinned and is guilty, that he shall restore what he has stolen, or the thing which he has extorted, or what was delivered to him for safekeeping, or the lost thing which he found, 5 or all that about which he has sworn falsely. He shall restore its full value, add one-fifth more to it, and give it to whomever it belongs, on the day of his trespass offering. 6 And he shall bring his trespass offering to the Lord, a ram without blemish from the flock, with your valuation, as a trespass offering, to the priest. 7 So the priest shall make atonement for him before the Lord, and he shall be forgiven for any one of these things that he may have done in which he trespasses.”[4]


 

[1] Jamieson, R., Fausset, A. R., & Brown, D. (1997). Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible (Vol. 1, p. 74). Oak Harbor, WA: Logos Research Systems, Inc.

[2] Wright, C. J. H. (1994). Leviticus. In D. A. Carson, R. T. France, J. A. Motyer, & G. J. Wenham (Eds.), New Bible commentary: 21st century edition (4th ed., p. 123). Leicester, England; Downers Grove, IL: Inter-Varsity Press.

[3] Wiersbe, W. W. (1993). Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines on the Old Testament (Le 4). Wheaton, IL: Victor Books.

[4] The New King James Version. (1982). (Le 6:1–7). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.


Service Times

  • 9:30am Prayer & Fellowship Breakfast
  • 10:30am Hebrew Class
  • 12:00-1:00pm Liturgy & Torah Study
  • 2:00pm Oneg
  • 3:30pm Afternoon Studying the Torah
  • We will close the Shabbat with Havdalah

Location

6221 Myers Rd E
Bonney Lake, WA 98391

© 2020 - The Way of Life
Built by KT Web & Graphic Design

Service Times

  • 9:30am Prayer & Fellowship Breakfast
  • 10:30am Hebrew Class
  • 12:00-1:00pm Liturgy & Torah Study
  • 2:00pm Oneg
  • 3:30pm Afternoon Studying the Torah
  • We will close the Shabbat with Havdalah

Location

6221 Myers Rd E
Bonney Lake, WA 98391

© 2020 - The Way of Life
Built by KT Web & Graphic Design